California Native Plants That Attract Butterflies

ThumbnailNameCommon NameDescriptionPlant TypeSunWaterFlower ColorButterflies
Acer macrophyllumbig-leaf mapleDeciduous tree 40-100 ft tall; sun to partial shade; moist clay to sandy soil; canyonsFull Sun, Part ShadeModInconspicuous,
Acer negundobox-elderDeciduous tree 30-50 ft tall; sun to partial shade; deep soils; street treeFull Sun, Part ShadeModInconspicuous,
Achillea millefoliumyarrowPerennial herb 1-3 ft tall; sun to partial shade; creeping; summer dormant if dryFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModWhite, ,
Aesculus californicaCalifornia buckeyeShrub or multi-stemmed tree 10-30 ft tall; sun to partial shade; summer-deciduousFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Mod, Very lowCream
Agrostis exarataspike redtopPerennial grass 1-3 ft tall; sun to partial shade; moist meadows; rhizomatousFull Sun, Part ShadeModInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Agrostis pallensseashore bentgrassPerennial grass 0.3-2 ft tall; sun to shade; rhizomatous; coastalFull Shade, Full Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Anaphalis margaritaceapearly everlastingFull Sun, Part ShadeVery lowWhite,
Angelica californicaCalifornia angelicaPerennial herb 3-6 ft tall; partial to full shade; dry soils; summer dormantFull Shade, Part ShadeVery lowWhite
Arbutus menziesiiPacific madroneEvergreen tree 16-80 ft tall; partial to full shade; no summer water once establishedFull Shade, Part ShadeModWhite
Arnica discoidearayless arnicaPerennial herb 1-2 feet tall; yellow flowers; shady mesic sitesFull Shade, Part ShadeLow, ModYellow,
Artemisia californicaCalifornia sagebrushEvergreen shrub 1-4 feet tall; hot, dry slopes, no summer waterFull SunVery lowInconspicuous, ,
Artemisia douglasianamugwortPerennial herb 3-5 feet tall; rich soils, winter dormantFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModCream, ,
Artemisia dracunculustarragonFull SunLowBrown,
Asclepias californicaCalifornia milkweedPerennial herb 2-3 feet tall; spreading; full sun, many soils; hosts Monarch larvaeFull SunLow, Very lowPink,
Asclepias fascicularisnarrow-leaf milkweedPerennial herb up to 9 feet tall; dry clay to loam soils, winter dormantFull SunLow, ModWhite,
Asclepias speciosashowy milkweedFull Sun, Part ShadeLowPink,
Astragalus asymmetricusSan Joaquin milkvetchPerennial herb 6-12 inches tall; dry to moist sites, winter dormantFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Mod, Very lowCream, Yellow, , , , ,
Baccharis glutinosamarsh baccharisPerennial herb up to 3 feet tall; wet, marshy sites, winter dormantPart ShadeModInconspicuous,
Baccharis pilularis subsp. consanguineacoyote brushEvergreen shrub up to 8 feet tall; grows in many conditionsFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Very lowInconspicuous,
Baccharis salicifolia subsp. salicifoliamule fatPerennial herb 1-4 feet tall; needs summer water; woody at baseFull SunModInconspicuous,
Brickellia californicaCalifornia brickelbushEvergreen shrub 2-6 feet tall; sunny, well-drained soils, some waterFull Sun, Part ShadeLowCream,
Bromus carinatus var. carinatusCalifornia bromePerennial grass 2-3 feet+ tall; loose bunchgrass; grows in many sitesFull Shade, Full Sun, Part ShadeLow, Mod, Very lowInconspicuous
Bromus laevipeswoodland bromePerennial grass 1-4 feet tall; moist to dry shadeFull Shade, Full Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Bromus sitchensis var. carinatusCalifornia bromePerennial grass 2-4 feet tall; loose bunchgrass; grows in many sitesFull Shade, Full Sun, Part ShadeLow, Mod, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Castilleja affinis subsp. affiniscoast paintbrushPerennial or annual herb 6-24 inches tall; sun or part shade; grows in sea bluffsFull Sun, Part ShadeLowRed,
Castilleja densiflora subsp. Densifloradense flower owl's cloverPink, Purple, ,
Castilleja exserta subsp. exsertapurple owl's-cloverPink, Purple, , , ,
Castilleja foliolosawoolly paintbrushSmall shrub 1-2 feet tall; grows best near other shrubs; open, sunny hillsidesFull SunModRed,
Castilleja wightiiWight's paintbrushFull SunLowYellow, , , ,
Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatusbuckbrushEvergreen shrub 3-11 feet tall; dry slopes and ridges; deer resistantFull Sun, Part ShadeLowBlue, Lavender, White, , , , , , , ,
Ceanothus leucodermischaparral whitethornBlue, Lavender, White, , , , , ,
Ceanothus oliganthus var. sorediatusJim brushEvergreen shrub 3-9 feet tall; full sun or part shade; dry slopes; deer resistantFull Sun, Part ShadeLowBlue, White, , , , , , ,
Ceanothus thyrsiflorusblue blossomEvergreen shrub 8-12 feet tall; full sun or part shade; blue flowers; evergreenFull Sun, Part ShadeLowBlue, , , , , , , ,
Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianumsoap plantHerbaceous perennial bulb, stems to 5 feet tall; well-drained soilFull Sun, Part ShadeLowWhite
Chorizanthe membranaceapink spineflowerPink, White,
Cirsium andersoniiFranciscan thistlePink,
Cirsium brevistylumIndian thistlePink, White, ,
Cirsium douglasii var. douglasiiswamp thistlePurple, White,
Cirsium occidentale var. venustumVenus thistlePink, Purple, Red, ,
Cirsium quercetorumbrownie thistleBrown, Pink, Purple,
Cornus glabratabrown dogwoodDeciduous shrub or small tree 5-18 feet tall; requires summer waterFull Shade, Part ShadeHighWhite
Cornus sericea subsp. sericeaAmerican dogwoodDeciduous shrub 3-10 feet tall; needs summer water, tolerates shadeFull Shade, Part ShadeHighWhite
Danthonia californicaCalifornia oat grassPerennial grass up to 6 inches tall; moist to dry soil in cool, sunny sitesFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Deschampsia cespitosa subsp. holciformistufted hair grass, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Deschampsia elongataslender hair grass, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Diplacus aurantiacusbush monkeyflowerEvergreen shrub 2-3 feet tall or more; grows in many site conditionsFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Very lowOrange
Distichlis spicatasalt grassPerennial grass up to 1 foot tall; sunny, wet, saline soilsFull SunHighInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Dudleya cymosa subsp. paniculatacanyon live-foreverSucculent perennial herb 4-6 inches tall; full sun or part shade in rocksFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Very lowYellow,
Dudleya farinosabluff lettuceSucculent perennial herb 6-12 inches tall; full sun or part shade in rocksFull Shade, Part ShadeLow, Very lowYellow,
Elymus condensatusgiant wild-rye, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Elymus elymoides var. elymoidessquirreltailPerennial grass 0.3-2 feet tall; clumping, dry, open sitesFull SunLow, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Elymus glaucus subsp. glaucusblue wildryePerennial grass up to 4 feet tall; rhizomatous, full sun to partial shadeFull Sun, Part ShadeLowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Elymus multisetusbig squirreltailPerennial grass 1-2 feet tall; clumping, sandy to rocky dry soilsFull SunLow, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Elymus trachycaulus subsp. trachycaulusslender wheatgrassPerennial grass 3-5 feet tall; clumping, dry to moist soils in partial shadeFull Sun, Part ShadeLowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Elymus triticoidesbeardless wild-rye, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Epilobium canumCalifornia fuchsiaPerennial herb 2-3 feet tall; spreading, sunny sites, fall dormantFull SunLow, Very lowRed
Epilobium ciliatum subsp. ciliatumwillow-herbFull Shade, Part ShadeLavender, White
Ericameria linearifoliainterior goldenbushEvergreen shrub 3-5 feet tall; needs full sun, good drainage, dry soilsFull SunLowYellow, ,
Eriodictyon californicumyerba santaFull SunLow, Very lowPurple, ,
Eriogonum angulosumangle-stem wild buckwheat, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Eriogonum fasciculatum var. polifoliumCalifornia buckwheatEvergreen mat or low shrub 3-12 inches tall; variety of well-drained sitesFull SunVery lowWhite, , , , , , , , ,
Eriogonum luteolum var. caninumTiburon buckwheatFull SunLowPink, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Eriogonum nudum var. auriculatumeared buckwheatHerbaceous perennial, 4 inches-2 feet tall;wide variety of sitesFull Sun, Part ShadeLowCream, , , , , , , , ,
Eriogonum umbellatum var. bahiiformesulfur flowerHerbaceous perennial, 4 inches-2 feet tall; wide variety of sitesFull SunVery lowYellow, , , , , , , , ,
Eriophyllum confertiflorum var. confertiflorumgolden yarrowSubshrub or shrub 8-10 inches tall; hot, dry hillsides or well-drained soilsFull SunLowYellow,
Eriophyllum jepsoniiJepson's woolly sunflowerFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModYellow
Eriophyllum lanatum var. achilleoideswoolly sunflowerHerbaceous perennial 4-40 inches tall; partial shade, some moistureFull Sun, Part ShadeLowYellow,
Eriophyllum staechadifoliumseaside woolly sunflowerFull Shade, Part ShadeLow, ModYellow
Eryngium articulatumbeethistleFull SunPurple
Eryngium jepsoniicoyote-thistlePerennial herb 0.3-2 feet tall; moist clay; winter dormantFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModGreen
Erysimum capitatumwestern wallflowerPerennial herb 6-10 inches tall; well-drained sites; winter dormantFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModOrange, , , ,
Erythranthe cardinalisscarlet monkeyflowerPerennial herb 2 feet tall; moist conditions, winter dormantFull Sun, Part ShadeModRed
Erythranthe guttataseep monkeyflowerPerennial herb 1-3 feet tall; moist conditions, winter dormantFull Sun, Part ShadeHighYellow, , , ,
Euthamia occidentaliswestern goldenrodPerennial herb 3-6 feet tall; spreading; moist sites, winter dormantFull SunModYellow,
Festuca californicaCalifornia fescuePerennial grass 1.5-4 feet tall; clumping, sun to partial shade, dry soilsFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Mod, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Festuca idahoensisIdaho fescue, , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Festuca octoflorasix-week's fescue, , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Festuca rubrared fescuePerennial grass 1-3 feet tall; rhizomatous, many site conditionsFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Fragaria vescawood strawberryPerennial herb 4-6 inches tall; evergreen in shadeFull Shade, Full Sun, Part ShadeLowWhite,
Frangula californica var. californicaCalifornia coffeeberryEvergreen shrub 6-15 feet tall; grows in many garden conditionsFull Sun, Part ShadeLowGreen, ,
Grindelia camporumgumplantPerennial herb 1-3 feet tall; sunny conditions, winter dormantFull SunLow, Mod, Very lowYellow
Grindelia hirsutulahairy gumplantPerennial herb 0.6-3 feet tall; sunny donditions, winter dormantFull SunLowYellow,
Grindelia stricta var. angustifoliamarsh gumplantPerennial herb 1-2 feet tall; brackish marshy sites; winter dormantFull SunLow, ModYellow,
Helenium bigeloviiBigelow's sneezeweedYellow
Helenium puberulumsneezeweedPerennial herb 1-2.5 feet tall; sunny, moist sites; winter dormantFull Sun, Part ShadeModYellow,
Helianthus annuussunflowerYellow, , ,
Helianthus californicusCalifornia sunflowerPerennial herb, 3-12 feet tall; sunny, moist conditions, fall dormantFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Mod, Very lowYellow, , ,
Helianthus gracilentusslender sunflower, , ,
Heracleum maximumcow parsnipPerennial herb 3-9 feet tall; sunny, moist sites, fall dormantFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModWhite,
Heterotheca grandifloratelegraph weed,
Heterotheca sessiliflora subsp. bolanderiBolander goldenasterPerennial herb 6-12 inches tall; evergreen, sunny sitesFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Very lowYellow,
Heterotheca sessiliflora subsp. echioidesbristly goldenasterPerennial herb 6-30 inches tall; creeping; open, rocky, sunny sitesFull Sun, Part ShadeVery lowYellow,
Hieracium albiflorumwhite hawkweedPerennial herb 1-3 feet tall; dry shadePart ShadeLow, Mod, Very lowWhite,
Holodiscus discolor var. discoloroceansprayDeciduous shrub 3-18 feet tall; full or partial sun,some summer moistureFull Sun, Part ShadeModCream, ,
Hordeum brachyantherum subsp. brachyantherummeadow barleyPerennial grass up to 3 feet tall; loosely clumping, prefers moist clay soilPart ShadeLow, ModInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Hordeum jubatum subsp. jubatumfoxtail barley, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Jaumea carnosamarsh jaumeaPerennial herb, 3-4 inches tall; evergreen, salt marshesFull SunModYellow,
Koeleria macranthaJune grassPerennial grass 0.6-2.5 feet tall; clumping, many site conditions Full Sun, Part ShadeLow, Mod, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Lupinus albifrons var. albifronsbush lupineEvergreen shrub 3 feet tall; well-drained sun to partial shadeFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModPurple, , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Lupinus bicolorminiature lupineFull SunBlue, White, , , , , , ,
Lupinus formosus var. formosussummer lupinePerennial herb 1-2 feet tall; full sun; purple flowers; grows in dry clay soilsFull SunVery lowPurple, , , , , , , ,
Lupinus latifolius var. latifoliuswood lupinePerennial herb 3-4 feet tall; partial shade, slightly moistFull Sun, Part ShadeModBlue, , , , , , , , , , , ,
Lupinus microcarpus var. microcarpuschick lupineFull Sun, Part ShadeBlue, Lavender, , , , , , ,
Malacothamnus fremontiiwhite-coat mallowShrub 2-4 feet tall; full sun; whitish leaves, pink flowers; deer resistantFull SunVery lowPink, , , , ,
Melica californicaCalifornia melicPerennial grass 0.6-1.5 feet tall; clumping, many habitatsFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Melica imperfectasmall-flower melicPerennial grass, 1-3 feet tall; clumping, dry sun to partial shadeFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Melica torreyanaTorrey's melicPerennial grass 1 foot tall, nodding; clumping, dry to moist shadeFull Shade, Part ShadeLowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Monardella villosa subsp. villosacoyote-mintPerennial herb 0.5-2 feet tall; dry, rocky sites, evergreen in partial shadeFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Very lowPink, Purple,
Osmorhiza berteroiwood cicelyPerennial herb 1-4 feet tall; moist shadeFull Sun, Part ShadeModWhite
Penstemon heterophyllus var. heterophylluschaparral penstemonPerennial herb 2 feet tall; sunny, dry rocky sitesFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModPurple, ,
Penstemon heterophyllus var. purdyifoothill penstemonPerennial herb 2 feet tall; sunny, dry rocky sitesFull Sun, Part ShadeLowPurple, ,
Perideridia californicaCalifornia yampahFull SunModWhite
Perideridia kelloggiiyampahPerennial herb 2-5 feet tall; full or partial sun, winter dormantFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModWhite
Persicaria amphibiawater smartweedFull Sun, Part ShadePink, , ,
Plantago erectadwarf plantainAnnual herb 1-5 inches tall; covered in white hairs; grows in open, bare soil, , , ,
Plantago subnudanaked plantainPerennial herb 1-2 feet tall; full sun; brown flowers; moist placesFull SunBrown, , ,
Platanus racemosawestern sycamoreDeciduous tree 80-100 feet tall; full sun; well-drained soils; deer resistantFull SunModBrown,
Poa secunda subsp. secundaone-sided blue grassPerennial grass 0.5-3 feet tall, clumping, dry sun to partial shadeFull SunLow, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Polygala californicaCalifornia milkwortFull Shade, Part ShadePink, Purple,
Pseudognaphalium californicumCalifornia everlastingPerennial herb 0.5-4 feet tall; full sun or partial shade, some waterFull SunLow, Very lowWhite,
Pseudognaphalium ramosissimumpink everlastingPerennial herb 1.5-4 feet tall; full sun; scented; grows on dry, open slopesFull SunWhite,
Quercus agrifolia var. agrifoliacoast live oakEvergreen tree 30-75 feet tall; needs summer-dry soil once establishedFull Shade, Full Sun, Part ShadeLow, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , ,
Quercus berberidifoliascrub oakEvergreen tree or shrub 3-10 feet tall; full sun or part shade; deer resistantFull Sun, Part ShadeLowYellow, , , , , , , ,
Quercus chaseigander oak, ,
Quercus chrysolepiscanyon live oakEvergreen tree 60-100 feet tall; dry, rocky soils in inland areasFull Shade, Full Sun, Part ShadeLow, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , ,
Quercus douglasiiblue oakDeciduous tree 30-60 feet tall; needs dry, well-drained inland sitesFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , ,
Quercus durata var. durataleather oak, , , , , , , ,
Quercus kelloggiiCalifornia black oakDeciduous tree to 80 feet tall; needs shaded canyons or full sun Full Shade, Full Sun, Part ShadeLowInconspicuous, , , , , , , ,
Quercus lobatavalley oakLarge, deciduous tree 60-100 feet tall; grows in deep, well-drained soilsFull SunLow, ModInconspicuous, , , , , , , ,
Quercus palmeriPalmer's oak, , , , , , , ,
Quercus parvula var. shreveiShreve oakEvergreen shrub 3-30 feet tall; similar to interior live oak; moist woodlandFull Sun, Part ShadeLow Water, , , , , , , ,
Quercus wislizeni var. frutescensinterior live oak, , , , , , , ,
Quercus wislizeni var. wislizeniinterior live oakEvergreen shrub 6-20 feet tall; slow-growing, needs good drainageFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , ,
Ribes aureum var. gracillimumgolden currant, , , ,
Ribes californicum var. californicumhillside gooseberryDeciduous shrub 6-8 feet tall; partial shade or full sunFull Sun, Part ShadeLowRed, , , ,
Ribes divaricatum var. pubiflorumstraggly gooseberry, , , ,
Ribes malvaceum var. malvaceumchaparral currantDeciduous shrub 6-8 feet tall; dry, well-drained soils, full or partial sunPart ShadeLowPink, , , ,
Ribes quercetorumoak gooseberry, , , ,
Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosumpink-flowering currantDeciduous shrub up to 10 feet tall; partial shade to full sunFull Shade, Part ShadeLowPink, , , ,
Ribes speciosumfuchsia-flowered gooseberryFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Very lowPink, Red, , , ,
Rosa gymnocarpacanyon gooseberryDeciduous shrub 3 feet tall or more; summer water if good drainageFull ShadeLowRed, , , ,
Rumex occidentaliswestern dockPerennial herb 3-5 feet tall; grows in most conditions with extra waterFull SunHighInconspicuous,
Rumex salicifoliuswillow dockFull Sun, Part ShadeModGreen, ,
Rupertia physodesCalifornia teaPerennial herb 2 feet high; evergreen, partial shadeFull Sun, Part ShadeModCream
Salix exigua var. hindsiananarrow-leaved willow, , , , , , , , ,
Salix gooddingiiGoodding's black willowDeciduous tree to 90 feet tall; needs summer waterFull SunModInconspicuous, , , , , , , , ,
Salix laevigatared willowDeciduous shrub or tree, 10-50 feet tall; needs summer waterFull Sun, Part ShadeModInconspicuous, , , , , , , , ,
Salix lasiandra var. lasiandraPacific willowDeciduous shrub or small tree up to 30 feet tall; needs summer waterFull Sun, Part ShadeModInconspicuous, , , , , , , , ,
Salix lasiolepisarroyo willowDeciduous shrub or small tree up to 30 feet tall; needs summer waterFull SunModInconspicuous, , , , , , , , ,
Salix scoulerianaScouler's willowDeciduous shrub or slender tree up to 30 feet tall; needs summer waterFull Sun, Part ShadeModInconspicuous, , , , , , , , ,
Sanicula bipinnatifidapurple saniclePart ShadeVery lowPurple
Sanicula crassicaulisPacific saniclePerennial herb 0.7-2 feet tall; dry shade, fall-winter dormantPart ShadeLow, ModYellow
Sanicula tuberosatuberous sanicleFull Sun, Part ShadeLowYellow
Scrophularia californicabee plantPerennial herb 2-5 feet tall; full or partial sun, a little waterFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModRed, , ,
Senecio aronicoidesrayless ragwortPerennial herb 1-3 feet tall; sun or part shade; yellow flowersFull Sun, Part ShadeLowYellow, ,
Senecio hydrophiluswater ragwortPerennial herb 2-3 feet tall; moist sitesFull Sun, Part ShadeHighYellow, , ,
Sidalcea diploscyphafringed checkerbloom, , , , , , ,
Sidalcea malviflora subsp. malvifloracheckerbloomPerennial herb 1-2 feet tall; dry to slightly moist sites; summer dormantFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, ModPink, , , , , , ,
Solidago elongataCanadian goldenrodFull SunYellow,
Solidago velutina subsp. californicaCalifornia goldenrodPerennial herb 1-5 feet tall; full to partial sun, summer water okFull Shade, Full Sun, Part ShadeLow, Mod, Very lowYellow, ,
Stipa cernuanodding needlegrassPerennial grass to 3 feet tall; clumping, sunny hillsidesFull Sun, Part ShadeLowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Stipa lepidafoothill needlegrassPerennial grass 1-3 feet tall; clumping, full sun to light shadeFull Shade, Full Sun, Part ShadeLow, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Stipa pulchrapurple needlegrassPerennial grass 2-3 feet tall; clumping, dry sun to shade in many sitesFull SunLow, Very lowInconspicuous, , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatussnowberryDeciduous shrub, 2-7 feet tall; dry shade or light summer waterFull Shade, Part ShadeLow, ModPink
Symphoricarpos molliscreeping snowberry Deciduous ground cover up to 3 feet tall; dry shadeFull Shade, Part ShadeLowPink
Symphyotrichum chilenseCalifornia asterPerennial herb 1.3-3 feet tall; spreading, many site conditionsFull Sun, Part ShadeLow, Mod, Very lowPink, ,
Symphyotrichum lentumSuisun Marsh asterPerennial herb up to 5 feet tall; spreading, grows in wet sitesFull Sun, Part ShadeModPurple, ,
Tauschia hartwegiiHartweg's tauschiaPerennial herb 1-3 feet tall; full to partial shadeFull Sun, Part ShadeLowYellow
Urtica dioica subsp. holosericeastinging nettlePerennial herb 4-12 feet tall; moist or partial shade; winter dormantFull Sun, Part ShadeModInconspicuous, , , , ,
Vaccinium ovatumCalifornia huckleberryEvergreen shrub 2-7 feet tall; cool sun or partial shadeFull Sun, Part ShadeLowWhite
Vicia americanaAmerican vetch, , , , , ,
Vicia giganteagiant vetch, , , , , ,
Wyethia angustifolianarrowleaf mule's ears Perennial herb 2 feet tall; full sun in grassland, winter dormantFull SunLowYellow
Wyethia glabramule's earsPerennial herb up to 3 feet tall; sun to partial shade, summer dormantFull ShadeLowYellow
Wyethia helenioideswoolly mule's earsPerennial herb 1-2 feet tall; full sun or part shade; yellow flowersFull Sun, Part ShadeLowYellow
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