Arbutus menziesii

Arbutus menziesii

Pacific madrone



  • Widely branched evergreen tree reaching 16 to 80 feet tall
  • Clusters of white bell-shaped flowers hang on branch ends
  • Rough-coated orange-red berries remain on the tree most of the winter and provide food for robins, cedar waxwings, mockingbirds, acorn woodpeckers, Stellar jays, towhees, flickers, band-tailed pigeons, and others
  • The attractive reddish bark splits as the tree grows, revealing a new green or gold layer
  • Host plant for larva of western brown elfin butterfly
  • Host to Phytopthera ramorum, the organism that causes Sudden Oak Death, so it may not be transported into unaffected counties
  • Found in Molate, Bay hills, Diablo and Hamilton sections

Bay Hills, Briones RP, Chabot RP, El Sobrante, Huckleberry RP, Mt. Diablo north, Mt. Diablo south, Redwood RP, San Leandro


1 gallon, long 1 gallon

bloom season Apr
features Bark
pollinators Bees
pollinators Birds
dormancy Evergreen
sun Full Shade
bloom season Mar
bloom season May
habitat Mixed evergreens
water Mod
habitat Oak woodland
sun Part Shade
growth habit Spreading
soil Well-drained
flower color White

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website.