Arbutus menziesii

Arbutus menziesii

Pacific madrone



  • Widely branched evergreen tree reaching 16 to 80 feet tall
  • Clusters of white bell-shaped flowers hang on branch ends
  • Rough-coated orange-red berries remain on the tree most of the winter and provide food for robins, cedar waxwings, mockingbirds, acorn woodpeckers, Stellar jays, towhees, flickers, band-tailed pigeons, and others
  • The attractive reddish bark splits as the tree grows, revealing a new green or gold layer
  • Host plant for larva of western brown elfin butterfly
  • Host to Phytopthera ramorum, the organism that causes Sudden Oak Death, so it may not be transported into unaffected counties
  • Found in Molate, Bay hills, Diablo and Hamilton sections

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